Eastman Johnson Catalogue Raisonné
Patricia Hills, PhD, Founder and Director | Abigael MacGibeny, MA, Project Manager
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Photo: The Art Institute of Chicago
Comparison of drawing to 1874 painting of Wilhelmina Frederika Anna Elisabeth Marie
Comparison of drawing to 1874 painting of Wilhelmina Frederika Anna Elisabeth Marie
45.3 U.S. Later Portrait Drawings, Women

When Johnson returned from Europe late in 1855 and moved in with his family in Washington, D.C., he began receiving portrait commissions. On his trip to Superior, Michigan, in 1856 and 1857, he did charcoal portrait drawings of family and friends. Like the commissioned drawings done earlier, Johnson generally used charcoal (named in some records as black chalk) with touches of white, but the strong chiaroscuro is less evident for his women sitters. Many of these portraits are in pastel, which creates a softer visage. In his later professional years as a painter of oil portraits there are few portraits of women. His art commanded high prices; perhaps families were then reluctant to include their women members as portrait sitters. —PH

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Hills no. 45.3.19v
Baur no. 317
Wilhelmina Frederika Anna Elisabeth Marie
Alternate titles: Mrs. Alexander Hamilton [incorrect]; Unidentified Woman
c.1855–74
Locale: Likely Maine
Charcoal [?] on discolored cream-colored paper
8 1/2 x 6 3/8 in. (21.6 x 16.2 cm) irreg.
Inscribed: upper left: U3-7; lower right: WCA2441; lower center, not in Johnson's hand: Mrs. Alexander Hamilton; lower left: A580
Recto: Judith Farnum Chandler, c.1847–49 (Hills no. 43.3.2r)
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Record last updated May 31, 2022. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Hills, Patricia, and Abigael MacGibeny. "Wilhelmina Frederika Anna Elisabeth Marie, c.1855–74 (Hills no. 45.3.19v)." Eastman Johnson Catalogue Raisonné. https://www.eastmanjohnson.org/catalogue/entry.php?id=1152 (accessed on December 4, 2022).