Eastman Johnson Catalogue Raisonné
Patricia Hills, PhD, Founder and Director | Abigael MacGibeny, MA, Project Manager
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Photo: Charles P. Russell Collection, Deerfield Academy
A Trade, 1866 (Hills no. 13.1.8). Black & white
Black & white
Photo: Unknown
13.1 Maine Rustic/Farm, 1860s—Figures in Barns

In the nineteenth century, attitudes towards work changed, especially in the northern states of America. Although some artists made fun of “country bumpkins,” in general, farm work and farmers began to take on greater prestige and admiration. During the 1860s, Johnson returned to his birthplace in Maine to make studies of maple sugar production and also to seek out subjects of a rural life far removed from slavery. Barn interiors and home interiors show the families of farmers husking corn, winnowing grain, of taking a smoke. Exteriors show farmers at harvest time, loggers cutting trees or simply relaxing. In choosing scenes of rural white America Johnson was following in the tradition of Francis William Edmonds, George H. Durrie, Tompkins H. Matteson, and William Sidney Mount—a tradition popularized by the prints of Currier and Ives. —PH

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Hills no. 13.1.8
A Trade
Deerfield Academy title: The Horse Trade or Whittling in the Barn
Alternate titles: The Horse Trade; The Horse Trade (Whittling in the Barn)
1866
Locale: Maine
Oil on paper board
16 1/2 x 21 1/4 in. (41.9 x 54 cm)
Signed and dated lower right: E. Johnson/1866

Inscribed on barn wall, left: No Smoking allowed in this barn/E. Johnson
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Record last updated July 28, 2021. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Hills, Patricia, and Abigael MacGibeny. "A Trade, 1866 (Hills no. 13.1.8)." Eastman Johnson Catalogue Raisonné. www.eastmanjohnson.org/catalogue/entry.php?id=127 (accessed on June 15, 2024).