Eastman Johnson Catalogue Raisonné
Patricia Hills, PhD, Founder and Director | Abigael MacGibeny, MA, Project Manager
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© 2022 Christie's Images Limited
The original painting copied by Johnson, for the engraving: Washington Crossing the Delaware by Emanuel Leutze, 1851
Image courtesy the Metropolitan Museum of Art
Goupil Stockbook no. 1, 1846-1861, p. 36 (part 1)
Photo: Getty Research Institute, Special Collections
Goupil Stockbook no. 1, 1846-1861, p. 36 (part 2)
Photo: Getty Research Institute, Special Collections
Smaller version made by Leutze of his Washington Crossing the Delaware, 1851, not for the engraving
Photo: Courtesy of Sotheby’s, Inc. © 2020
Approximate location of General George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River on December 25, 1776
Photo: Patricia Hills, 2020
05.0 Euro Copies after Leutze

When Johnson went to Düsseldorf, it was to study with artists connected to the Düsseldorf Academy; however, the most important influence on him was the German-American history painter Emanuel Leutze (1816–1868), whose studio Johnson entered in early 1851.  

One of Leutze’s most important works was Washington Crossing the Delaware—a scene of the American general crossing the Delaware River on Christmas night of 1776 to execute a surprise attack on Hessian troops (allied with British troops) garrisoned in the Trenton, New Jersey area. Leutze did two versions. The first was partially destroyed by fire; the second was made in his studio as a substitute until insurance claims released the first version. This second version now resides at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York [See John K. Howat, Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 26, no. 7 (March 1968)]. —PH

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Hills no. 5.0.2
Washington Crossing the Delaware (Emanuel Leutze with the assistance of Johnson)
Alternate title: Washington popant la Delaware
Oil on canvas
40 1/2 x 68 in. (102.9 x 172.7 cm)
Signed lower right: E. Leutze
Private collection
Record last updated September 8, 2022. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Hills, Patricia, and Abigael MacGibeny. "Washington Crossing the Delaware (Emanuel Leutze with the assistance of Johnson), 1851 (Hills no. 5.0.2)." Eastman Johnson Catalogue Raisonné. https://www.eastmanjohnson.org/catalogue/entry.php?id=1711 (accessed on February 2, 2023).