Eastman Johnson Catalogue Raisonné
Patricia Hills, PhD, Founder and Director | Abigael MacGibeny, MA, Project Manager
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Photo: Courtesy of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia
Undated photograph of Cardinal McCloskey by Napoleon Sarony. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Picture Collection, The New York Public Library. "Cardinal Mccloskey." New York Public Library Digital Collections. Accessed June 29, 2021. https://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/510d47e0-fd68-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99
31.1 U.S. Portraits, Men

When Johnson returned to the United States, he not only painted genre paintings but he also continued to paint portraits, which gave him a steady income. After 1880 Johnson turned to portraiture almost exclusively. During the 1880s and 1890s he painted businessmen, lawyers, university presidents, and three U.S. presidents from life. At times he also painted their wives and children.

He was also commissioned to paint posthumous portraits, often from photographs. These portraits by and large do not have the sparkle and active brushwork of those done from life. It seems that the demand for portraits of business and civic leaders (and members of exclusive men’s clubs) was so high that portrait painters would often make copies of each other’s paintings to satisfy the market for such images. In many instances, it has been difficult to render opinions for such paintings. —PH

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Hills no. 31.1.131
Baur no. 85 / 1907 Sale no. 10
John McCloskey
1907 Sale title: The Cardinal
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts title: Man in Red Cloak
Oil on board
11 x 8 3/8 in. (27.9 x 21.3 cm)
Initialed lower right: E.J.
Record last updated June 29, 2022. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Hills, Patricia, and Abigael MacGibeny. "John McCloskey, c.1875–85 (Hills no. 31.1.131)." Eastman Johnson Catalogue Raisonné. https://www.eastmanjohnson.org/catalogue/entry.php?id=474 (accessed on February 2, 2023).