Photo: Courtesy of Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association
06.0 Mount Vernon, Virginia and Washington, D.C.
During the summer months of 1857 Johnson visited the George Washington homestead at Mount Vernon, Virginia, with his friend Louis Mignot. Johnson painted one or two paintings, but returned the following summer to paint several more. During the 1850s the building and its grounds had fallen into disrepair. A new veneration of Washington, spurred on by growing sectional political conflicts between North and South, led to the formation of a committee of women to restore the site. They formed the Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association of the Union. The painter Thomas Rossiter brought attention to the situation by writing a plea in The Crayon (September 1858):
The nation has permitted his tomb to crumble, the storms to despoil his mansion, the weeds to grow over his footsteps and his door-sill, with an effort to preserve the sacred domain. At last, the women of the land—God bless them! Having waited and hoped in vain for a recognition of the sanctity of Mount Vernon, moved with feminine zeal and loyalty to the noble dead, have combined, organized and purchased the estate.
[Adapted from Hills, The Genre Painting of Eastman Johnson, pp. 54–55]. —PH
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Hills no. 6.0.7
Baur no. 30
Mt. Vernon Kitchen
Mount Vernon Ladies' Association title: Kitchen at Mount Vernon
Alternate titles: possibly The Interior of Kitchen of Mt. Vernon with Four Figures; possibly Washington's Kitchen, Cook and Piccaninnies; Interior View of the North Dependency, Mount Vernon; Washington's Kitchen, Mount Vernon
Oil on board
12 1/2 x 20 1/2 in. (31.8 x 52.1 cm)
Signed and dated lower right in brown: E. Johnson –64
This catalogue raisonné strives to reproduce the available historical information, as it was written in the period, while acknowledging that readers today may find many of these terms objectionable or racist. Please see the Racist Language/Negative Stereotypes Statement »
Record last updated March 27, 2022. Please note that the information on this and all pages is periodically reviewed and subject to change.
Citation: Hills, Patricia, and Abigael MacGibeny. "Mt. Vernon Kitchen, 1864 (Hills no. 6.0.7)." Eastman Johnson Catalogue Raisonné. https://www.eastmanjohnson.org/catalogue/entry.php?id=53 (accessed on December 6, 2023).